Shipping Glossary

BAF Bunker Adjustment Factor.

BSR Baltic Sea Region.

CSR Corporate Social Responsibility.

Containerisation Globalisation of production and consumption patterns have been greatly facilitated by the increased use of container transportation. This is largely because of the numerous technical and economic advantages containerisation possesses over traditional methods of transportation.

EDI Integrated Electronic Data Inter-change, a powerful way of business communication.

Feedering On transoceanic routes, international container shipping lines use large container ships with capacities of up to 18,000 TEU. The cargo is discharged at large transshipment ports (hubs) and reloaded on smaller vessels (feeders) for further transport to the actual port of destination.

FEU One FEU (Forty Feet Equivalent unit) represents the cargo capacity of a standard intermodal container, 40 feet long and 8 feet wide.

HSSE Health, Safety, Security and Environment.

IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Goods. A code regulating the transport of dangerous goods at sea.

IMO International Maritime Organisation.

Intermodal Movement of goods (in one and the same loading unit or a vehicle) by successive modes of transport without handling of the goods themselves when changing modes. Intermodal transport is therefore a particular type of multimodal transport.

ISO International Organisation for Standardisation.

ISPS International Ship and Port Security.

MARPOL Marine pollution. MARPOL conventions are negotiated within the IMO framework.

Multimodal Carriage of goods by at least two different modes of transport.

PSSA Particularly Sensitive Sea Area.

SECA Sulphur Emission Control Area.

Shortsea When intra-European cargoes are carried from door-to-door, seaborne transport is combined with rail and/or road into an integrated multimodal transport chain that optimises the whole supply chain rather than each individual link.

TEU One TEU (twenty feet equivalent unit) represents the cargo capacity of a standard intermodal container, 20 feet long and 8 feet wide.